Vestibular Rehabilitation is a specialized type of physiotherapy for the assessment and treatment of vertigo, dizziness and balance disorders. Vestibular disorders can cause numerous symptoms including, but not limited to dizziness, vertigo, unsteadiness, nausea, vomitting, visual disturbances (blurred and/or jumping vision), headaches, fatigue and decreased focus and concentration.
According to The Vestibular Disorders Association (VEDA) "The inner ear vestibular organs signal to your brain whether you are moving and how your head is oriented relative to gravity. Your brain then integrates these signals with those received from your eyes, muscles, and joints. When any part of the vestibular system malfunctions, this process of integration breaks down, and dizziness and other symptoms may result."
Vestibular Rehabilitation is a specialized program that requires post-graduate training. A comprehensive clinical assessment is required to determine the underlying problem and develop an approriate treatment plan. Treatment often includes exercises aimed at retraining the visuovestibular system through habituation exercises to teach the brain appropriate conpensation strategies to improve function. Positional manaeuvers may be required to allieviate vertigo. Balance re-training and hands-on treatment are often a part of a vestibular treatment plan. Other forms of physiotherapy may also be required based on assessment findings.